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Real-Time Evaluation of the Danida Country Programme for Kenya

Real-Time Evaluation is an evaluation approach, which from the start of the programme defines an independent, external evaluation process that follows the ongoing implementation and regularly reports evaluation findings. This first Danida country Real-Time Evaluation in Kenya will serve to gain experiences with the strengths, prerequisites and possible pitfalls of the approach.


With the purpose of improving the ability to document the results of Danish aid and learning, Danida’s Evaluation Department (EVAL) has endorsed an innovation process to increase the relevance and timeliness of evaluations for the implementation of Danish aid. One feature of this process will be to test the use of a Real-time Evaluation (RTE) approach to improve the evaluability and results documentation within the new concept of Danida Country Programmes.

In the context of a Danida Country Programme, the Real-Time Evaluation is seen as an evaluation approach, which from the start of the programme defines an independent, external evaluation process that follows the on-going implementation and regularly reports evaluation findings. The focus will be on identifying and assessing selected results at outcome and impact level in a relevant and timely manner and providing concurrent feedback to country programme implementation in order to identify and support any programme adjustments needed, rethinking of theories of change and their assumptions, and enable continuous learning.


The Kenya Country Programme is the first RTE with the plan of including 2-3 other future Country Programmes into the pilot phase. The RTE approach will be applied within the space of continuous independence and impartiality of the Danida Evaluation function, and in collaboration with the Danish Embassy in Nairobi as well as Kenyan partners.
The objective of the evaluation is threefold:


i. To assess progress and identify immediate and intermediate- level results to be able to provide evidence-based feed-back during the lifespan of the Country Programme. In line with the RTE approach, the investigation of progress and results must have a close link to the implementation of the Country Programme to ensure the usefulness and relevance of the results.

ii. To identify, document and assess results at outcome and, as far as possible, impact level. Due to the nature of the Country Programme and related interventions, it is expected that this will mainly by focused on (but not necessarily limited) assessments of credible contributions. It is not expected that the evaluation in itself will be able to carry out full impact assessment of the relevant interventions, but it should as a minimum establish the foundation for a subsequent high-quality summative evaluation and identify areas where additional analysis of outcomes and impacts may be particularly useful.

iii. To provide learning about the prerequisites, strengths and possible weaknesses of the RTE approach to help test and refine the RTE approach within the concept of Country Programmes.

The evaluation period will match the expected time frame for the country programme from 2015-2020. In addition to this core-period, the evaluation will take earlier results into account, as part of establishing an understanding of the programme, albeit in less depth and oriented more towards creating a backdrop for the evaluation analyses and assessments. The evaluation will be carried out by British Itad Ltd.



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